Home Career and Jobs How To Become A Gunsmith

How To Become A Gunsmith

To become a Gunsmith can be both easy and demanding. Gunsmiths spend their working hours indoors, in workshops furnished with lathes, drill presses, grinders, saws, and other metalworking equipment. While test firing produces a lot of noise, most of the hazards have been mitigated by standard safety protocols

Gunsmiths employed by retail gun stores spend their time repairing firearms and interacting with customers. Heat, fumes, and powder smoke are among the hazards. A dealer’s firearm license is required to deal in or repair firearms.

Gaining the knowledge and abilities necessary to operate on weapons as a gunsmith requires a combination of classroom instruction, training, and practical experience.


Gunsmiths create and design firearms. They also fix guns. When creating a gun, they may meet with customers multiple times to learn about their requirements and preferences. Then, they would work on design concepts and make adjustments until the customer is happy. They might fix sights, scopes, and alter the weapon to make it more accurate, among other things. They typically complete a gunsmithing program to prepare for their vocation and require a high school certificate. In addition to having a license, gunsmiths ought to have handling experience.


  • A job as a gunsmith can offer you fulfilling employment if you have a passion for weapons. Rather than regarding firearms as a pastime, you might derive the joy of making a profession from them.
  • Gunsmithing careers don’t require expensive, time-consuming college education. With a high school degree, you can begin your career as a gunsmith and gain the required skills by enrolling in classes at a reputable trade school.
  • Over the course of your gunsmithing career, you’ll acquire valuable skills like math, drawing, and tool use. You may also obtain expertise in managing your own business and providing customer service, depending on where you work.
  • Gunsmithing careers offer the chance to advance to the status of a highly compensated specialist. For instance, you could become an expert in manufacturing a certain type of handgun or repairing weapons from a particular historical era. You’ll be able to charge more as you build your reputation over time.
  • Self-expression has a significant role in the profession of gunsmithing. In addition to allowing you to select your preferred work setting and area of expertise, your profession offers avenues for you to communicate your unique perspective on weapons. If you’re artistic, one aspect of your job can be enhancing your guns with engraved patterns and other embellishments.
  • You’ll value the cerebral challenge that a job in gunsmithing offers. A profession in gunsmithing requires creativity, mental agility, and attentiveness.
  • Gunsmithing careers provide you with the opportunity to impart your expertise and passion for firearms. You will be able to interact with others and share your interest, whether you are selling guns or giving information about their safe use or history.
  • A career as a gunsmith will probably provide you with job security. Because firearms are so popular and people need high-quality guns for practical purposes, your skills will be in demand across the nation.


Lathes, milling machines, polishing spindles, grinders, oxy-acetylene welders, gun clamps, punches, taps, die reamers, odd-sized drills, saws, and different metals, including brass and steel, are among the tools available.

The blue-blackening process, known as “hot bluing,” involves submerging the steel components of the cannon in a boiling-hot mixture of potassium nitrate, sodium hydroxide, and water. Similarly, the gun’s stainless steel components that need to be blued are heated and submerged in a solution of nitrates and chromates.

The procedure known as “rust bluing” entails dipping the gun parts into an acid solution, allowing them to rust evenly, and then submerging them in boiling water to slow down the rusting process. After that, the rust is removed by carding, revealing a rich blue coating.


  • Mechanical Skills: Working with the mechanical parts of firearms is a requirement in gunsmithing. It is essential to have a thorough understanding of how various weapons operate, as well as manual dexterity and machine handling skills.
  • Attention to Detail: Gunsmiths need to pay close attention to detail in their job. To guarantee both safety and functionality, gun installation, disassembly, and repair require extreme precision.
  • Knowledge of Firearms: It is essential to have a thorough awareness of the many kinds of firearms, their components, and their functions. This means becoming familiar with both antique and contemporary weapons.
  • Safety Procedures: Strict safety guidelines must be followed by gunsmiths. It’s essential to comprehend and follow safety protocols when handling firearms to prevent mishaps.
  • Technical Training: Formal education or training in gunsmithing is highly advantageous, while it is not always necessary. Many gunsmiths pursue apprenticeships or trade schools to obtain both theoretical knowledge and practical practice.
  • Communication Skills: If you intend to deal closely with clients, having effective communication skills is essential. You must be able to communicate your understanding of their needs and the work you have done on their weapons.
  • Business Acumen: If you intend to operate your own gunsmithing company, you’ll need to have some business acumen. This involves being aware of how to handle money, maintain inventory, and promote your services.
  • Legal Knowledge: Gunsmiths need to be knowledgeable about and abide by all applicable local, state, and federal gun laws and regulations. This covers limitations on certain modifications and license requirements.


1. Enroll in Classes to Gain Gunsmithing Knowledge

Before beginning an apprenticeship or official training program, you might want to gain experience with hand tools, including grinding, polishing, sanding, chiseling, and filing, as well as general machining. Additionally, you might think about enrolling in classes in woodworking, algebra, metallurgy, machine tool operations, report writing, and ballistics. These are the kinds of courses you can take in technical schools or in high school.

Examine gunsmithing schools, trade schools, universities, and local community colleges that provide gunsmith training programs. Seek programs that offer real-world experience, and keep an eye out for other ways to get experience while you’re in school.

2. Get Knowledge

You might assist or help a gunsmith in their profession. Work, even part-time, will help you develop valuable skills. As an alternative, you might locate a gunsmith who allows you to see them at work. You might learn the fundamental abilities that gunsmiths require, like attention to precision, patience, and steady hands.

Examine becoming an apprentice as a viable means of obtaining real-world experience and certification. Traditionally, these programs mix classroom education with on-the-job training. You could pursue this as an extra means of professional preparation or as a substitute for a conventional training program. Seek opportunities with nearby gunsmiths or consult the Association of Gunsmiths and Related Trades (TAOGART) for information on possible apprenticeships.

3. Obtain a License

In addition to requiring a license to operate as a gunsmith, many firms also run background checks and drug tests on potential hires. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) offers one of the most popular permits to obtain: a Federal Firearms License. Although this license does not allow you to carry a gun, it does allow you to sell, service, and repair firearms. ATF stipulates that candidates for Federal Firearms Licenses must be at least 21 years old.

The type of work you intend to do as a gunsmith may require you to possess a government-issued license. Gunsmiths who sell or manufacture firearms are required by the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) to get a federal firearms license (FFL) as dealers or manufacturers, respectively (www.atf.gov). Furthermore, counties, townships, and cities may have their own legislation pertaining to license requirements.

4. Attend the Interview

The ATF may contact you for an interview after receiving your application and payment. A local ATF industrial operations investigator (IOI) will interview you in person. During the interview, the IOI may inquire about your comprehension of gun control laws and confirm the facts you submitted on your application. If the IOI finds that it is safe for the ATF to issue a license, it will base that decision on your interview.

5. Think about Becoming a Member of a Professional Group

Consider joining a professional group once you’ve obtained your license. By networking with other gunsmiths, you might be able to get employment. Additionally, it can allow you the chance to pursue professional development opportunities by teaching you about new procedures, rules, or firearm types.

You will be prepared to work as a licensed gunsmith once you have obtained the required education and certification. Licensed gunsmiths can find employment at gun stores, armories, wholesalers, and makers of firearms.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I find out more about working as a gunsmith?

Gun ownership, maintenance, and gunsmithing are topics covered in a plethora of online forums. These forums provide you with the opportunity to connect with both enthusiasts and experienced gunsmiths, finding out about their educational backgrounds and professional experiences. Resources are available for anyone who wishes to learn more about becoming gunsmiths from organizations such as the American Gunsmithing Institute and the National Rifle Association.

Are there any prerequisites for certification or licensure?

Federal firearms licenses, or FFLs, are required for gunsmiths who conduct business. The US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) issues FFLs. Gunsmiths must submit an application for an FFL along with a copy of their fingerprints and a fee. The candidate will be interviewed in person by the local ATF field office after the ATF uses the fingerprints given to perform a background check on criminal history.

Holders of FFLs are required to comply with ATF bookkeeping guidelines. For instance, if a client leaves their firearm with a gunsmith for the night, the gunsmith is required to document the firearm in a “bound book” that is maintained for these reasons.

What are gunsmiths’ possibilities for a lengthy career?

Recently trained gunsmiths frequently begin working under the supervision of more seasoned gunsmiths. Gunsmiths can go into more senior roles or even start their own companies as they gain experience.

How do I get employment as a gunsmith?

Applying for positions as a new gunsmith can help you work for sporting goods stores, gun manufacturers, or as an assistant to independent gunsmiths. Some organizations, such as Gunsmiths.com, host job boards for gunsmiths. Making contacts and learning about work prospects in your area might be facilitated by attending conferences and career fairs.


In summary, being a gunsmith is a journey that calls for a commitment to accuracy and safety as well as a combination of study and practical experience. To become a gunsmith, one must first have a strong educational background, which is typically attained through apprenticeships with seasoned professionals or specialized gunsmithing schools.

The practical component of the trade is essential, requiring the mastery of several abilities such as firearm customization, maintenance, and design as well as careful respect for safety regulations. Creating a portfolio that includes finished work and real-world experience is crucial for getting started in the industry.